Rubrics are incredibly helpful in the writing classroom because many students tend to think that writing is graded subjectively. By using a rubric, students are able to have a strong understanding of the criteria they are working on. According to Susan M. Brookhart (2013), "The criteria and performance-level descriptions in rubrics help students understand what the desired performance is and what it looks like. Effective rubrics show students how they will know to what extent their performance passes muster on each criterion of importance, and if used formatively can also show students what their next steps should be to enhance the quality of their performance." (p.12) The following is the assessment rubric used with Learning Objective Four. Students are assessed after having worked through the writing process and received coaching from the instructor, as well as feedback from fellow students.